Research Team

Penny Bamber

Independent Contractor
Started with Duke GVC Center: 2009

Penny Bamber has been an independent contractor with the GVC Center since 2009. As a senior research analyst, her work has focused on economic development and competitiveness in Latin America and Africa, with a particular interest in the role of workforce development and gender in supporting industry upgrading. Key industries for her include agriculture, medical devices, and offshore services. She has led several projects related to improving national competitiveness in both high- and low-tech sectors for developing countries. Her publications include The Offshore Services Value Chain: Upgrading Trajectories in Developing Countries (International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development, 2011), Connecting Local Producers to Regional and Global Value Chains (OECD, 2013), Global Value Chains, Economic Upgrading and Gender: The Horticulture Industry (World Bank, 2013), Costa Rica in the Medical Devices Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading (COMEX, 2013), and the Inclusion of Small and Medium Producers in High Value Agro Chains (Inter-American Development Bank, 2013). In addition, Penny has led trainings in the use and application of the GVC framework for industry representatives and policy makers in developing countries in both the Caribbean and Africa. Prior to joining the Duke GVC Center, Penny worked in the leadership development-training field, facilitating programs for business students and executives at the Wharton School of Business, University of Pennsylvania.

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Stacey Frederick

Managing Director & Research Scientist
Started with Duke GVC Center: 2006

Stacey is both the Managing Director (July 2018) and a Research Scientist (May 2010) at the Duke GVC Center. However, she started in 2006 as a student working on the NC in the Global Economy and Nanotechnology projects. Her research involves using global value chain (GVC) analysis to identify economic, social and environmental upgrading opportunities for countries and firms in a variety of industries, including textiles and apparel, electronics/digital/ICT, medical/pharma, automotive, and several other manufacturing and technology-based sectors. She has used the framework to analyze issues ranging from employment generation to trade policy impacts for clients including the World Bank, KIET, the Inter-American Development Bank, ILO, and UNIDO among others as well as a number of country governments (USA, Costa Rica, Philippines, Nicaragua, and Bahrain). One of her primary interests is developing new research methods that combine qualitative and quantitative approaches to evaluate country and firm participation in GVCs.  She started in this field through her research on the textile industry, and received her B.S. in Textile Management and Ph.D. in Textile Technology Management from North Carolina State University.

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Gary Gereffi

Founding Director
Started with Duke GVC Center: 2006

Gary Gereffi is an Emeritus Professor at Duke University and the founding Director of the Duke GVC Center. He is currently teaching a course in Public Policy on Global Value Chain Analysis. During his time as a Professor of Sociology he taught courses on economic sociology, globalization and comparative development, and international competitiveness. He received his B.A. degree from the University of Notre Dame and his M.Phil. and Ph.D. degrees from Yale University. Gereffi has published numerous books and articles on globalization, industrial upgrading, and social and economic development in various parts of the world. His books include: Manufacturing Miracles: Paths of Industrialization in Latin America and East Asia (Princeton University Press, 1990); Commodity Chains and Global Capitalism (Praeger Publishers, 1994); Free Trade and Uneven Development: The North American Apparel Industry after NAFTA (Temple University Press, 2002); The New Offshoring of Jobs and Global Development (International Institute of Labor Studies, 2006); Manufacturing Climate Solutions: Carbon-Reducing Technologies and U.S. Jobs (Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness, Duke University, 2008); and Global Value Chains in a Postcrisis World: A Development Perspective (The World Bank, 2010). Gereffi’s research interests deal with the competitive strategies of global firms, the governance of global value chains, economic and social upgrading, and the emerging global knowledge economy.

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