Studied economics at Bombay University, but works more broadly as a social scientist. Besides labour conditions in global production, he has also worked extensively on rural development, gender relations and indigenous peoples’ development. Some of his research is combined with consultancy for international organizations, such as IFAD, ADB, ILO, UNICEF, etc. Has been a columnist for the Economic and Political Weekly, Mumbai. Designated an Honorary Professor by the Institute of Ethnology, Yunnan Academy of Social Sciences, China, he is also Visiting Professor at the Institute for Human Development , New Delhi. Some of his recent publications include Labour in Global Production in India (2010, co-editor), Social Exclusion and Adverse Inclusion: Development and Development of Adivasis in India (2012, co-editor), and Markets and Development of Indigenous Peoples in Asia (2012, co-author).