Penny Bamber started as an independent contractor with the GVC Center in 2009. Her work has focused on economic development and competitiveness in Latin America and Africa, with a particular interest in the role of workforce development and gender in supporting industry upgrading. Key industries for her include agriculture, medical devices, and offshore services. She has led several projects related to improving national competitiveness in both high- and low-tech sectors for developing countries. Penny has also led trainings in the use and application of the GVC framework for industry representatives and policy makers in developing countries. Prior to joining the Duke GVC Center, Penny worked in the leadership development-training field, facilitating programs for business students and executives at the Wharton School of Business, University of Pennsylvania.