Duke University and Bank of America hosted a conference in 2013 entitled “Technology Innovation and the Coal Value Chain” in Washington, D.C. The conference explored the role of coal in the U.S. energy future. It featured discussions on the state of the coal value chain, technologies on the horizon that may have the potential to address the environmental impacts of coal use, and options for public policy to spur deployment of innovative coal technologies. The agenda included presentations by individuals from the Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, the Duke GVC Center, Bank of America, Duke Energy, American Electric Power, Carnegie Mellon, Alstom, Clean Air Task Force and others. The event was free and open to the public.