Apparel

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The apparel global value chain (GVC) has been one of the hallmark cases of globalization, since the establishment of the Multifibre Arrangement (MFA) in the early 1970s through the phase-out of the MFA in 2005. The MFA quota system sparked the spread of global production in apparel to every corner of the globe.

Duke GVC Center researchers have tracked global apparel trends in multiple projects, publications and websites. The apparel industry is analyzed in the North Carolina in the Global Economy website, and it is also one of the four industries covered in a Duke GVC Center report on Skills for Upgrading: Workforce Development and GVCs in Developing Countries. Gary Gereffi and Stacey Frederick have published several articles on apparel GVCs, including a chapter in the World Bank book by Cattaneo, Gereffi and Staritz (eds.), Global Value Chains in a Postcrisis World: A Development Perspective (2010), and Frederick has collaborated with Cornelia Staritz in developing a series of detailed country case studies for another World Bank book by Lopez—Acevedo and Robertson (eds.), Sewing Success? Employment, Wages and Poverty Following the End of the Multi-fibre Arrangement (2012).

Peru in the High Quality Cotton Textile and Apparel Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading in Peru

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Pro-Poor Development and Power Asymmetries in Global Value Chains

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Nicaragua and the Apparel Value Chain in the Americas: Implications for Regional Trade and Employment

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The apparel global value chain

The Apparel Global Value Chain: Economic Upgrading and Workforce Development: Chapter 3

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Strengthening Nicaragua’s Position in the Textile-Apparel Value Chain: Upgrading in the Context of the CAFTA-DR Region

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The Global Apparel Value Chain, Trade and the Crisis: Challenges and Opportunities for Developing Countries

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Vietnam at a Crossroads - Engaging in the Next Generation of Global Value Chains

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Stitches to Riches?: Apparel Employment, Trade, and Economic Development in South Asia

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Bahrain’s Position in the Global Apparel Value Chain: How the U.S.-Bahrain FTA and TPLs Shape Future Development Options

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Regional trade agreements and export competitiveness: the uncertain path of Nicaragua’s apparel exports under CAFTA

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Making Foreign Direct Investment Work for Sub-Saharan Africa: Chapter 7: Sector Case Study: Apparel

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Developments in the Global Apparel Industry after the MFA Phaseout

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Upgrading & Restructuring in the Global Apparel Value Chain: Why China & Asia are Outperforming Mexico & Central America

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The Global Apparel Value Chain, Trade and the Crisis: Challenges and Opportunities for Developing Countries

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Development and Application of a Value Chain Research Approach to Understand and Evaluate Internal and External Factors and Relationships Affecting the Economic Competitiveness in the Textile Value Chain

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Review and Analysis of Protectionist Actions in the Textile and Apparel Industries

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Protectionism in Textiles and Apparel

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The Impacts of Wal-Mart: The Rise and Consequences of the World's Dominant Retailer

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The Apparel Value Chain and Trade Policy in the Americas

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The Fiber-Textile-Apparel Value Chain: Mexico and China Compared

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