Latin America & the Caribbean

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Industries

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Competitiveness is key to sustainable inclusion in any value chain (the full range of activities that are required to bring a product from its conception to its end use and beyond). Essentially competitiveness is the ability to provide the desired quantity and quality of a specific product in a more economical and timely manner than others. The work of the Duke GVC Center has shed light on how countries from throughout Latin America and the Caribbean can improve their regional and global competitive position. The work of the Center has provided stakeholders across the public, private and educational sectors in the region with new tools to understand globalization and economic development.

IMPACT SUMMARY FOR LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN

Reports: 32

Publications: 5

Countries: 11 countries (Brazil, Chile, Columbia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Paraguay and Peru)

Industry sectors: Agro-food, manufacturing, services

CLIENT CASE STUDIES 

The following clients have sponsored the Duke GVC Center’s research in Latin America: Brazil National Confederation of Industries (CNI), Chilean Economic Development Agency (CORFO), Costa Rica’s Ministry of Foreign Trade (COMEX), Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), Nicaragua National Free Trade Zone (CNZF), RTI International and the World Bank. Here is a snapshot of the impact generated in three of these projects:

Peru in Global Value Chains (2015)

Client: The World Bank

Challenge: The goal of the different reports focused on three particular industries – apparel, grapes and mining equipment – was to understand Peru’s position in each sector from the perspective of the global value chain and highlight potential for upgrading.

Approach & Outcome: The Duke GVC Center research team identified opportunities for improvement in the areas of labor productivity, participation of small firms, and creating linkages that would enable the values from these export activities in these three sectors to spill over into the rest of the economy. To take advantage of these opportunities, the research studies highlighted different policy shifts. The report was based on both primary and secondary information sources. In addition to interviews with firms operating in the different sectors and supporting institutions, the reports drew on secondary research and information sources, including Peruvian organizations.

Costa Rica in Global Value Chains (2013)

Client: The Government of Costa Rica, Costa Rica’s Ministry of Foreign Trade (COMEX)

Challenge: The Duke GVC Center studied the participation of Costa Rica in four sectors: medical devices, electronics, aerospace and offshore services. The ultimate goal was to provide a set of recommendations to the Costa Rican Government to enhance its participation and upgrading in the industries selected.

Approach & Outcome: For each industry, the Duke GVC Center research team provided an overview including key sources of demand and supply; stages in which different countries operate; the governance structure of the chain; and the human capital required for each segment. This allowed policy makers to understand the geographical distribution of the value chain and identify both potential competitors and buyers.

Industry-specific upgrading trajectories and recommendations were provided. The research team based its analysis on multiple sources of information: a review of the relevant secondary literature on each industry; trade and production statistics from international and domestic databases; company information about the firms operating in each value chain; and field research in Costa Rica, including interviews with firms and government stakeholders related to this project. As part of this analysis, case studies were offered of countries in similar positions to Costa Rica, including Singapore, Ireland and Uruguay.

The following article summarizes the impact in more detail.

Basic Principles and Guidelines for Impactful and Sustainable Inclusive Business Interventions in High-Value Agro-Food Value Chains (2012)

Client: Inter-American Development Bank-Multilateral Investment Fund (IDB-MIF)

Challenge: IDB-MIF wanted to capture the lessons from its experience in inclusive business and value chain development interventions in high-value agricultural markets. They sought to improve these interventions based on good practices and facilitate systematic institutionalization of this knowledge.

Approach & Outcome: The Duke GVC Center report summarized key lessons of IDB-MIF’s projects in seven countries throughout Latin America. The team proposed a model to overcome constraints and provided a step-by-step guide to deploy it in high-value agriculture markets. The report was based on extensive primary and secondary research of IDB-MIF projects, interventions by development agencies and literature on small and medium-sized enterprises inclusion in value chains. Over 50 interviews were conducted with country specialists, implementing agencies, industry experts, associations and producers.

Jamaica in the Arabica Coffee Global Value Chain

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Jamaica in the Offshore Services GVC

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Jamaica in the Tourism Global Value Chain

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Belize in the Cocoa Global Value Chain

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Belize in the Offshore Services Global Value Chain

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Belize in the Shrimp Global Value Chain

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Saint Lucia in the Banana Global Value Chain

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Saint Lucia in the Cruise Tourism Global Value Chain

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Barbados in the Rum Global Value Chain

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Barbados in the Cruise Tourism Global Value Chain

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Nicaragua and the Apparel Value Chain in the Americas: Implications for Regional Trade and Employment

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The Offshore Services Industry: A New Opportunity for Latin America

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Costa Rica in Global Value Chains: An Upgrading Analysis: Introduction: Chapter 1

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Costa Rica in the Aerospace Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Entry & Upgrading: Chapter 4

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Costa Rica in the Electronics Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading: Chapter 3

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Costa Rica in the Medical Devices Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading: Chapter 2

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Costa Rica in the Offshore Services Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading: Chapter 5

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Case: Conversion to Organic Cacao Cultivation in Peru

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Peru in the High Quality Cotton Textile and Apparel Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading in Peru

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Peru in the Mining Equipment Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading

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Peru in the Table Grape Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading in Peru

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Case: Development of Micro and Small Rural Apicultural Producers in Nicaragua & Honduras

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Strengthening Nicaragua’s Position in the Textile-Apparel Value Chain: Upgrading in the Context of the CAFTA-DR Region

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Case: Supporting the Competitiveness of Central American Coffee

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A Value Chain Analysis of the Sinaloa, Mexico Shrimp Fishery

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Agricultural Value Chains in the Mexicali Valley of Mexico: Main Producers and Buyers

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Geosynthetics: Coastal Management Applications in the Gulf of Mexico

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Case: Strengthening the Competitiveness of the Stevia Value Chain in Paraguay

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Engineering Services in the Americas

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Workforce Development in Chile’s Offshore Services

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Chile’s Offshore Services Value Chain

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Global Value Chains in Latin America: A Development Perspective for Upgrading

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Inclusive Value Chain Interventions in the High-Value Agrifood Sector in Latin America

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Promoting Decent Work in Global Supply Chains (GSCs) in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC): Key Issues, Good Practices, Lessons Learned and Policy Insights

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Regional Competitiveness in the Latin America Offshore Services Value Chain

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Brazil in Global Value Chains: Implications for Trade and Industrial Policy [O Brasil nas Cadeias Globais de Valor: Implicações para a Política Industrial e de Comércio]

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Brazilian Manufacturing in International Perspective: A Global Value Chain Analysis of Brazil’s Aerospace, Medical Devices, and Electronics Sectors

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A Indústria Brasileira e as Cadeias Globais de Valor

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Regional trade agreements and export competitiveness: the uncertain path of Nicaragua’s apparel exports under CAFTA

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Connecting to the World Market through Regional Value Chains: Partnership Opportunities in Coconut Value Chain for the Small Caribbean Economies

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Development Models and Industrial Upgrading in China and Mexico

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Twelve Years of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Publications in Mexico

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Economic and Social Upgrading in Global Production Networks: A New Paradigm for a Changing World

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Global Services Offshoring: Trends and Impact in Latin America and the Caribbean

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Global Value Chains in Latin America

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Latin America's Prospects for Upgrading in Global Value Chains

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Opportunities and Challenges for Agricultural Value Chains in Latin America

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Regional Dialogue on Promoting Services Development and Trade in Latin America and the Caribbean

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Participación de Costa Rica en cadenas globales de valor: mapeo y perspectivas futuras

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Building Business Ties Between North Carolina and Baja California, Mexico

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Global Value Chains, Industrial Upgrading and Jobs in Large Emerging Economies: A Comparison of China, India, and Mexico

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The Fiber-Textile-Apparel Value Chain: Mexico and China Compared

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Twelve Years of Nanotechnology in Mexico (2000 - 2012)

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Workforce Development and Global Value Chains in Developing Countries: Lessons from Chile, India and the Philippines

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The Coconut Global Value Chain

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Costa Rica debe optar por investigación y desarrollo para perfeccionar la cadena de valor

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‘Upgrade cruise, rum sectors’ in Barbados

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