Workforce Development

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The Duke GVC Center provides practical, real-world advice that informs decision-making related to workforce development, among other areas. Over the years, the Duke GVC Center’s research has shed light on questions such as:

  1. What are the labor skills required to participate in the global economy?
  2. As industries upgrade, what will be the future workforce skills needed?
  3. Are countries educating the workforce for the current and future labor demand?

These issues impact not only businesses, but also governments, industry associations, international organizations and educational institutions. Responding effectively to these challenges enables countries to be more competitive and companies to be more profitable.

IMPACT SUMMARY IN WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT

Since 2007, the Duke GVC Center has produced 85 reports across 31 countries. The research team has given 93 presentations, authored over 100 additional publications, and have led several training workshops. All of this output provides insights on workforce development in varying degrees. The entire Duke GVC Center research team has extensive experience in researching workforce development issues in various parts of the world.

CLIENT CASE STUDIES RELATED TO WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT

The Center has conducted in-depth research on workforce development for RTI International, OECD and the World Bank. The following is a snapshot of the ways the Duke GVC Center has generated impact for these clients.

Skills for Upgrading: Workforce Development and Global Value Chains in Developing Countries

Client: RTI International

Challenge: How can workforce development strategies enhance the upgrading efforts and competitiveness of developing countries in global industries? The goal of this research project was to provide insights to this question for policymakers, donors and development practitioners.

Approach & Outcome: To better understand the relationship between upgrading and workforce development, four dynamic global industries – fruit and vegetables, apparel, offshore services and tourism – were studied in 15 developing countries including Bangladesh, Chile, Costa Rica, Honduras, India, Jordan, Kenya, Morocco, Nicaragua, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Turkey and Vietnam. The research was carried out in three main steps:

(1) Map the structure of each industry GVC in terms of its main activities, value adding stages, and firms;

(2) Identify and analyze the participation of individual developing countries in GVCs in order to show the main challenges at entry, middle and high levels of upgrading; and

(3) Analyze and compare the role of workforce development initiatives when a country upgrades.

Based on this research, the Duke GVC Center highlighted commonalities across industry case studies and stages of upgrading. The research team then recommended workforce development initiatives that would enhance economic and social upgrading.

Skills for Private Sector Development: Burundi in the Agribusiness, Coffee and Energy Global Value Chains

Client: World Bank

Challenge: Burundi has experienced several years of modest growth and improved political stability since the end of its major political conflict in the early 2000s. Agribusiness, coffee and electrical energy are three industries crucial to the country’s development. The goal for the Skills for Private Sector Development project was to identify specific strategies for upgrading within these industries. This would help Burundi promote its development, generate export earnings while expanding employment (particularly among youth) and raise incomes.

Approach & Outcome: The GVC framework examines the shifting organization of global and regional industries by analyzing the characteristics and dynamics of different firms and suppliers involved in these activities. The Duke GVC Center team used this framework to identify sector-specific opportunities for upgrading Burundi’s participation in each value chain.

Burundi in the Agribusiness Global Value Chain: Skills for Private Sector Development

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Burundi in the Energy Global Value Chain: Skills for Private Sector Development

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Burundi in the Coffee Global Value Chain: Skills for Private Sector Development

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Burundi in the Agribusiness, Coffee and Energy Global Value Chains: Skills for Private Sector Development: Project Overview

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Skills for Upgrading: Workforce Development and Global Value Chains in Developing Countries

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The Offshore Services Global Value Chain: Economic Upgrading and Workforce Development: Chapter 4

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The apparel global value chain

The Apparel Global Value Chain: Economic Upgrading and Workforce Development: Chapter 3

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Meeting the Upgrading Challenge: Dynamic Workforces for Diversified Economies: Chapter 6

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The Fruit and Vegetables Global Value Chain: Economic Upgrading and Workforce Development: Chapter 2

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The Tourism Global Value Chain: Economic Upgrading and Workforce Development: Chapter 5

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Workforce Development in Chile’s Offshore Services

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Skills for Upgrading: Workforce Development and Global Value Chains in Developing Countries

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Economic and Social Upgrading and Workforce Development in the Apparel Global Value Chain

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Promoting Decent Work in Global Supply Chains (GSCs) in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC): Key Issues, Good Practices, Lessons Learned and Policy Insights

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How Many Highly Skilled Foreign-Born Are Waiting in Line for U.S. Legal Permanent Residence?

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The Impacts of Wal-Mart: The Rise and Consequences of the World's Dominant Retailer

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America's Loss is the World's Gain: America's New Immigrant Entrepreneurs: Part IV

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How the Disciple Became the Guru

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Skilled Immigration and Economic Growth

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Getting the Numbers Right: International Engineering Education in the United States, China, and India

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Intellectual Property, the Immigration Backlog and a Reverse Brain-Drain: Part III

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Education, Entrepreneurship and Immigration: America's New Immigrant Entrepreneurs: Part II

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Where the Engineers Are

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America's New Immigrant Entrepreneurs: Part I

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The American Brain Drain and Asia

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Quantifying the Nanotechnology Workforce: Methods, Barriers & Estimates

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Panelist on "Building A Bridge: The Link Between Education and Business (Education and Workforce Development)"

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Workforce Development and Global Value Chains in Developing Countries: Lessons from Chile, India and the Philippines

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Wal-Mart Research

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